Wuhan is located in the east of Jianghan Plains, where the Hanshui River joins the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. The city covers an area of 8,494 square kilometers. In 2008 the coverage of road has reached 9.66 square meters per capita. In addition, Wuhan enjoys 37.42% botany coverage increasing 0.07% and the public greenery has reached 9.21 square meters per capita. By the end of 2008 there were 2,654 health care institutions in Wuhan, 19 were newly added, which include 240 hospitals and clinics, 15 hospitals specially catered for women and children, 116 local health care centers and 22 sanitation and anti-epidemic stations.
Wuhan lies in the middle latitude zone of the north of the Tropic of Cancer. The City has a subtropical monsoon climate with sufficient sunshine, plentiful rainfall and four distinct seasons. The temperature of Wuhan on a average is 16.6 Celsius degrees an annual reaches 1.269 millimeters. Meanwhile, the hours of sunshine in Wuhan reaches an average of 1,928.5 hours per annum.
There are 13 administrative districts and 3 store level development zones in the city, which holds a population of approximately 9,7 million people including a population of 5 million people in the centre urban area.
Located in central China, Wuhan is not only the capital of Hubei Province, other than Being the capital it also serves as the political, economic, finance, science and technology, and cultural centre of Hubei Province.
Wuhan is famous for its geographical position it is known as “the gateway to nine provinces”. The city is located within a radius of 1,000km from other major cities in China such as Beijing, shanghai, Guangzhou, Chengdu and Xi’an. The city’s geographical position gives the advantage to link the east and west, and as a pivot providing easy excess between the north and the south. And off course Wuhan is capable to provide easy excess to both lakes.
There are three state-level economic and technological development zones in Wuhan. The East Lake Hi-Tech Development Zone focus on optical and electronic communications, bioengineering, material research and laser technologies, while the Wuhan Economic and Technological Development Zone emphasizes on the production of automobiles and spare parts, food and beverages. Similarly, Wujiashan State-Level Industry Development Park puts emphasis on food and beverages; in addition, it also focuses on agricultural products for further processing, and bioengineering. Together, these three Development Zones in Wuhan play a critical role in its development and growth
Over a hundred hills and about 200 lakes are scatters around Wuhan, Wuhan’s water area accounts for a quarter of the city’s land area. The East lake Scenic Area’s lake covers 33 square kilometers, which is the largest “lake within a city” in China. It is one of the famous scenic spots in Wuhan. The area covers a range of 82 square kilometers. Characterized by beautiful landscape and abundant plants, the area boats more than 100 scenic spots, which attracts many tourists every year. Besides this all, it is known as the biggest tourist centre of the ancient Chu culture. The plum blossom and lotus in East Lake rank top in China. This is also where the China Plum Blossom Research Centre and China Lotus Centre are located.
Wuhan has a long and rich history. According to archaeological studies and records of ancient books, there are trances of civilization of more than 10,000 years old. The unearthed Panlong Town Heritage proved to be to be the place of the Fang State in Shang Dynasty built about 3,500 years ago, and it was the only town in Shang Dynasty discovered in Yangtze River Valley, On October 10 1911, the Xinhai revolution started in Wuhan, which ended the feudal society lasted 5000 years in China.
Wuhan has plenty of attractions such as Yellow Crane Tower, Baotong Zenist Temple, Guiyuan Zenist Temple, Qingchuan Pavilion, East Lake, etc. The Yellow Crane Tower was built in 223 AD. It is renowned for its poetry. Many famous poets such as Li Bai, Bai Juyi and Lu You have written poems there. Wuhan also boasts some museums like Zhongshan Warship Museum and Qingchuan Pavilion.
Wuhan has its own unique food culture. There, Jingzhou Cuisine meets Huangzhou local cuisine. There are many renowned delicacies, such as “steamed blunt snout”, “braised soft-shell turtle”, and typical snacks, like steamed dumplings from “Sijimei”, Doupi from “Laotongcheng”, hot dry noodles from “Cailinji”, and sweet dumplings from “Wufangzai”.
Wuhan plans to construct six new suburban residential districts. The plan is to construct the districts around the central urban area, with the new Wuhan city composing of one urban centre and six satellite districts.